The re:claimID Identity Provider (IdP) is a decentralized IdP service. It allows its users to manage and authorize third parties to access their identity attributes such as email or shipping addresses.

It basically mimics the concepts of centralized IdPs, such as those offered by Google or Facebook. Like other IdPs, reclaimID features an (optional) OpenID Connect 1.0-compliant protocol layer that can be used for websites to integrate reclaimID as an Identity Provider with little effort.

Managing Attributes

Before adding attributes to an identity, you must first create an ego:

$ gnunet-identity --create="user"

Henceforth, you can manage a new user profile of the user “user”.

To add an email address to your user profile, simply use the gnunet-reclaim command line tool:


$ gnunet-reclaim -e “user” -a “email” -V “username@example.gnunet

All of your attributes can be listed using the gnunet-reclaim command line tool as well:

$ gnunet-reclaim -e "user" -D

Currently, and by default, attribute values are interpreted as plain text. In the future there might be more value types such as X.509 certificate credentials.

Managing Credentials

Attribute values may reference a claim in a third party attested credential. Such a credential can have a variety of formats such as JSON-Web-Tokens or X.509 certificates. Currently, reclaimID only supports JSON-Web-Token credentials.

To add a credential to your user profile, invoke the gnunet-reclaim command line tool as follows:

$ gnunet-reclaim -e "user"\

All of your credentials can be listed using the gnunet-reclaim command line tool as well:

$ gnunet-reclaim -e "user" --credentials

In order to add an attribe backed by a credential, specify the attribute value as the claim name in the credential to reference along with the credential ID:

$ gnunet-reclaim -e "user"\

Sharing Attributes with Third Parties

If you want to allow a third party such as a website or friend to access to your attributes (or a subset thereof) execute:

$ TICKET=$(gnunet-reclaim -e "user"\
                          -r "$RP_KEY"\
                          -i "attribute1,attribute2,...")

The command will return a "ticket" string. You must give $TICKET to the requesting third party.

$RP_KEY is the public key of the third party and "attribute1,attribute2,..." is a comma-separated list of attribute names, such as "email,name,...", that you want to share.

The third party may retrieve the key in string format for use in the above call using "gnunet-identity":

$ RP_KEY=$(gnunet-identity -d | grep "relyingparty" | awk '{print $3}')

The third party can then retrieve your shared identity attributes using:

$ gnunet-reclaim -e "relyingparty" -C "ticket"

Where "relyingparty" is the name for the identity behind $RP_KEY that the requesting party is using. This will retrieve and list the shared identity attributes. The above command will also work if the user is currently offline since the attributes are retrieved from GNS. Further, $TICKET can be re-used later to retrieve up-to-date attributes in case "friend" has changed the value(s). For instance, because his email address changed.

To list all given authorizations (tickets) you can execute:

$ gnunet-reclaim -e "user" -T

Revoking Authorizations of Third Parties

If you want to revoke the access of a third party to your attributes you can execute:

$ gnunet-reclaim -e "user" -R $TICKET

This will prevent the third party from accessing the attribute in the future. Please note that if the third party has previously accessed the attribute, there is not way in which the system could have prevented the thiry party from storing the data. As such, only access to updated data in the future can be revoked. This behaviour is _exactly the same_ as with other IdPs.

OpenID Connect

There is an API for use with re:claimID. However, its use is quite complicated to setup.


The token endpoint is protected using HTTP basic authentication. You can authenticate using any username and the password configured under:

$ gnunet-config -s reclaim-rest-plugin -o OIDC_CLIENT_SECRET

The authorize endpoint is protected using a Cookie which can be obtained through a request against the login endpoint. This functionality is meant to be used in the context of the OpenID Connect authorization flow to collect user consent interactively. Without a Cookie, the authorize endpoint redirects to a URI configured under:

$ gnunet-config -s reclaim-rest-plugin -o ADDRESS

The token endpoint is protected using OAuth2 and expects the grant which is retrieved from the authorization endpoint according to the standard.

The userinfo endpoint is protected using OAuth2 and expects a bearer access token which is retrieved from a token request.

In order to make use of OpenID Connect flows as a user, you need to install the browser plugin:

In order to create and register an OpenID Connect client as a relying party, you need to execute the following steps:

$ gnunet-identity -C <client_name>
$ gnunet-namestore -z <client_name> -a -n "@" -t RECLAIM_OIDC_REDIRECT -V <redirect_uri> -e 1d -p
$ gnunet-namestore -z <client_name> -a -n "@" -t RECLAIM_OIDC_CLIENT -V "My OIDC Client" -e 1d -p

The "client_id" for use in OpenID Connect is the public key of the client as displayed using:

$ gnunet-identity -d grep "relyingparty" | awk '{print $3}'

The RECLAIM_OIDC_REDIRECT record contains your website redirect URI. You may use any globally unique DNS or GNS URI. The RECLAIM_OIDC_CLIENT record represents the client description which whill be displayed to users in an authorization request.

Any website or relying party must use the authorization endpoint https://api.reclaim/openid/authorize in its authorization redirects, e.g.

<a href="https://api.reclaim/openid/authorize?client_id=<PKEY>\
                                             &scope=openid email\

This will direct the user’s browser onto his local reclaimID instance. After giving consent, you will be provided with the OpenID Connect authorization code according to the specifications at your provided redirect URI.

The ID Tokens issues by the token endpoints are signed using HS512 with the shared secret configured under:

$ gnunet-config -s reclaim-rest-plugin -o JWT_SECRET

The authorization code flow optionally supports Proof Key for Code Exchange. If PKCE is used, the client does not need to authenticate against the token endpoint.

Providing Third Party Attestation

If you are running an identity provider (IdP) service you may be able to support providing credentials for re:claimID users. IdPs can issue JWT credentials as long as they support OpenID Connect and OpenID Connect Discovery.

In order to allow users to import attributes through the re:claimID user interface, you need to register the following public OAuth2/OIDC client:

  • client_id: reclaimid

  • client_secret: none

  • redirect_uri: https://ui.reclaim (The URI of the re:claimID webextension)

  • grant_type: authorization_code with PKCE (RFC7636)

  • scopes: all you want to offer.

  • id_token: JWT

When your users add an attribute with name "email" which supports webfinger discovery they will be prompted with the option to retrieve the OpenID Connect ID Token through the user interface.